Nations around the world are being urged to agree a climate-style deal to halt and reverse nature loss, which is seen as vital to human survival. The call by campaigners came ahead of a UN summit on global biodiversity being held in Canada, with pressure to secure legally-binding targets, similar to the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5C. The COP15 conference follows the recent COP27 climate meeting in Egypt, because although the two issues are closely linked, international action to tackle the collapse of nature falls under a different treaty.
On the table at the Chinese-chaired talks in Montreal – delayed by two years because of the COVID-19 pandemic – is a deal to turnaround the decline in natural habitats.
The UK and other countries are pressing for targets including protecting 30% of the world’s land and seas by 2030, halting species extinctions and agreeing funding to help pay for it.
However, a previous raft of goals set in Japan in 2010, were not met and so there is also a desire to ensure any new aims are delivered on.
Delegates at COP15 will have in mind the threat to ecosystems on which economies, livelihoods, food, health and quality of life rely worldwide Bioenergy has “wrongly been deemed ‘carbon neutral’” and many countries are increasingly relying on forest biomass to meet net zero goals, in a letter addressed to world leaders including Joe Biden, Rishi Sunak and the European Commission president, Ursula von der Leyen. “The best thing for the climate and biodiversity is to leave forests standing – and biomass energy does the opposite,” it says.

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