With an abundance of sun and wind, Spain is positioning itself as Europe’s future leader in green hydrogen production. But some energy sector experts express caution over ramping up an industry that would be reliant on huge increases in renewable power. Currently, most hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels. So-called ‘green’ hydrogen is produced using renewable energy – such as wind, solar and hydropower. Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the hydrogen sector has taken on greater importance in Europe. Russia is the world’s second-largest producer of natural gas, which powers most global hydrogen production. With sanctions in place, the European Union is refocusing on intra-bloc supply chains for its energy needs. 
“Renewable energy, including renewable hydrogen, is a central pillar of the REPowerEU Plan, which is the EU’s strategy to get rid of Russian fossil fuels as soon as possible,” says EU Commissioner for Energy. As well as bolstering energy security, green hydrogen is important in the EU’s push for net zero. By 2030, the bloc is attempting to cut emissions by 55 per cent compared to 1990 levels. As part of this, it has proposed that the EU produce 10 million metric tonnes of renewable hydrogen by 2030 and to import 10 million metric tonnes more.
Spain, France, Germany and Portugal have agreed to build a hydrogen pipeline by 2030 to transport some 2 million metric tonnes of hydrogen to France annually. 

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