Economic growth can have both positive and negative effects on the environment. The following are some of the ways in which economic growth can affect the environment:
Negatives include 1) Increased pollution: As economies grow, more energy is required to power industries, transportation, and buildings, leading to increased emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants that can harm the environment and human health.
2) Deforestation and loss of biodiversity: Economic growth often leads to the expansion of agriculture, urbanization, and other activities that require land use. This can result in deforestation, habitat destruction, and the loss of biodiversity.
3) Increased use of natural resources: Economic growth typically increases the demand for natural resources such as water, minerals, and timber, which can lead to overexploitation and depletion of these resources.
Positives include 1) Innovation and technology: Economic growth can also lead to the development of new technologies and innovations that can help mitigate some of the negative effects of economic activity on the environment. For example, renewable energy technologies can reduce reliance on fossil fuels and their associated emissions.
Overall, the impact of economic growth on the environment depends on a variety of factors, including the type of economic activity, the policy and regulatory framework in place, and the level of public awareness and engagement on environmental issues. it would seem that the negatives outweigh the positives and governments need to take very urgent action.

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